What’s the difference between Spain and Catalonia?


Catalonia formally declared its independence from Spain on Friday Oct. After scenes of jubilation on the streets of the Catalan capital Barcelona yesterday, the stage is now set for major tensions as Madrid starts to take back control of the region. The BBC has a handy timeline , dating back to the 9th century. But what makes Catalonia so different from Spain anyway? Catalonia has tried to sever itself from Spain many times over the centuries, and resisted attempts by Madrid to crush its culture, customs, and language. In the lates, dictator Francisco Franco cracked down on Catalan autonomy and banned the Catalan language. Today, it is strongly tied to a sense of national identity and pride. His outrageous appearance, with his long, curled moustache, has become as iconic as his art. Half-chef, half-scientist, his development of radical cooking techniques, such as spherification—turning liquid into spheres usually using sodium alginate, so it looks like little balls of roe—revolutionized the texture, taste, and presentation of food. By providing your email, you agree to the Quartz Privacy Policy.

Institut Ramon LLull

Each village in the valley contains a Romanesque church, and is surrounded by a pattern of enclosed fields. There are extensive seasonally-used grazing lands on the higher slopes. Elk dorp in de vallei heeft een Romaanse kerk en is omgeven door een patroon van omheinde velden. Op de hogere hellingen liggen omvangrijke seizoensgebonden graslanden.

De kerken gelden als bijzonder zuivere en consistente voorbeeld van Romaanse kunst in een vrijwel ongerepte landelijke omgeving. Source: unesco.

– Plaque with the Eagle of Saint John Date: 14th century Geography: Made in Catalonia, Spain Culture: Catalan Medium: Basse taille enamel, silver.

Catalonia is one of 50 provinces in Spain and contains the municipalities of Girona, Tarragona, Lleida, and Barcelona. Barcelona is known as the capital of Catalonia and Madrid is the capital of Spain. Even though Catalonia is part of the Spanish nation, it is a distinct region that, like any other, has its own customs that make it unique.

There are many perceptions of Catalonia on the national and international levels that do not fairly embody its complex cultural elements which truly make it distinct from other areas of Spain. In this article of ShBarcelona , we would like to share quite a number of cultural details, language, and social activities that are good for foreign visitors to be aware of. Catalonia is one of a few regions in Spain, such as the Basque Country and Galicia, which has its own language apart from Castilian Spanish.

The language differences between the rest of Spain and Catalonia are mainly noticeable outside of Barcelona. Within the city of Barcelona, most people are bilingual and can speak Spanish and Catalan. Barcelona is a very international city, therefore many people speak at least one other language. Some nationalists in Catalonia choose to speak only in Catalan — this is done for many reasons, sometimes as part of the push for complete Catalonian independence or in response to the suppression of the language for many years during the dictatorial regime of general Franco.

Catalan is a Romance language like Spanish but is not a subset of Spanish itself. In Catalonia , this difference is most notably felt outside Barcelona as Catalan is the main language spoken on a daily basis.

What is a Catalan? A guide to the language and people of Catalonia

In this section you will find articles about Catalan culture to learn about local customs and ways of life. To enjoy Barcelona like a local would, you can rent one of our apartments in the uptown residential areas of Barcelona. Catalan culture differs from Spanish culture and has its own set of traditional festivals.

This is largely thanks to a healthy Mediterranean diet and an active culture. Picture Penelope Cruz in “Vicky Cristina Barcelona”. Admittedly, she’s.

Despite more than a thousand years of political flux in the region, Catalonia has long maintained its own unique cultural and linguistic tradition. Located in the northeastern Iberian Peninsula by the Mediterranean Sea and the Pyrenees mountains, Catalonia is an autonomous region of Spain. It is a land of many contradictory facets: it is united politically with the Spanish government in Madrid, sharing its laws, income and infrastructure, but at the same time it maintains a vibrant regional identity.

Catalan traditions, including its festivals, sports, dance and language, have a long history of cultural relevance in the region. However, over the years, repressive political movements—such as the 20th-century dictatorship of General Francisco Franco—have made the practice of these traditions contentious and even dangerous. This month, dozens of artisans, musicians, chefs and others will be coming to Washington, D. The ten-day exhibition, “Catalonia: Tradition and Creativity from the Mediterranean” will include dance performances, demonstrations of Catalan human tower teams , workshops with artisans and even traditional fireworks, and aims to recreate the Catalan tradition of living harmoniously in public spaces.

Below, after conversations with Mason and Joan Ramon Resina , a professor of Iberian and Latin American Cultures at Stanford University, we answer four important questions about the historical and cultural context of Catalonia. The first political organization in the Catalan region, says Resina, began during the Roman Empire. The people of Catalonia were granted Roman citizenship, and under Roman rule, infrastructure and agriculture in the region flourished.

Toward the end of the Roman Empire, other groups came from the east to take control of Catalonia; the Visigoths ruled over the region from the 5th to the 8th-centuries, after which the expanding Frankish Empire under Charlemagne annexed much of the area. At the end of the 8th century, Charlemagne established the first Catalan counties, centered on fortresses at the edge of the Muslim-ruled Iberian peninsula. In time, these counties became towns and centers of power, which were unified in under the name of Catalonia.

One of these counties was Barcelona , which became a strong political ward despite its feudal dependence on the Central European emperor.

Catalonia, Culture and Mass Media, by Carme Ferré Pavia

Well, as luck has it, the City Council of Barcelona is proud to show off the unique Catalan culture to visitors. Every Saturday evening during the Summer months and in front of the cathedral you can find human castles, giants, traditional dances and much more. Want to know what, where and how? Read on for the lowdown on groups and the timetable dates to be released soon.

According to statistics from the Government of Catalonia, roughly 80% of the region’s population can speak Catalan, with approximately % speaking it as their.

The date was set for a Wednesday night, post-work. We both showed up at the same time and said hello with the customary dos besos as I thanked my lucky stars that I had chosen to wear the flattest shoes possible that night no girl wants to have to bend down to brush cheeks with their date. We chose a table out on the terrace as the drinks menu was handed to us. The Catalan ordered his drink first and as it was summertime, I went with my favorite refreshing drink of choice, tinto de verano 1 part red wine to 1 part lemon Fanta.

Or maybe he realized mine would be cheaper than his first choice this thought process will make more sense later, keep reading! With drinks in hand the real conversation could start, and when I mean real, I mean the conversation about his profession and his other favorite thing, money. He made sure to make it known how much money he made for each of his films do I really have gold digger written across my forehead?

We continued to chat more about him and his money, and then our tintos de verano were down to just ice cubes so we decided it was time for the bill. We had 3 options:.

The Truth About Dating Spanish Men

There like the study abroad culture who are usually too young or they’re too wasted to love down my barcelona correctly. Then there are the sleazy types who I see making their way spanish the dance floor and immediately grab my dating to escape outside for some ‘fresh air"”. So, what’s a single person to love once being single has lost its shine? Culture they be sitting inside looking for love on their tablets or would they be better off taking the old-fashioned route of hitting a bar or joining a club?

And, if they’re foreign, how should they navigate the local dating scene?

The Catalans are a Romance ethnic group native to Catalonia of Mediterranean and Pyrenean The castells, human towers, are part of the Catalan culture since and were Historical memory is the second axis of celebrations in Catalonia, where the Catalan people reunite with their date of birth as a people.

There are quite a number of festivals and traditions in Catalonia Spain. While most are of ancient origin, certain traditions are of relatively recent introduction. There are also some that are common to the whole Catalan society, but others are relevant only to a particular location. Generally, locals welcome outsiders to share with them in their celebration. The correfocs , in which ” devils ” play with fire close the onlookers, is one of the most striking of the Catalan festive events.

The devils are not considered the incarnation of evil; they are sprightly and festive characters, dancing to the sound of drums and the traditional gralla , while they set off their fireworks.

Catalan Traditions You Have To Experience

Does your country have a traditional dance? Here in Catalonia exists a dance unique to the Catalan culture known as the Sardana. The exact date of the creation of La Sardana is unknown however, some records state that the dance was performed as early as the sixteenth century! The dance is performed in a circle and the group of dancers perform the songs with their hands linked. The main movements are done with the legs and feet.

There are two main types of La Sardana: the long and the short steps.

The earliest surviving written materials in Catalan date from the 12th Catalan was reborn as well as the language of literary culture thanks to.

In Spain and Catalonia made strides towards democracy as a republic was declared. This party aimed to fuse Catalan national identity, which had previously been an elite construct, with left republican democratic policies. In an attempt to create a national identity which was both cross class and democratic, the ERC turned to methods outside of the traditions of Spanish politics up to that point. The sport in question focused on incorporating as much of the population as possible and was about participation, not excellence.

The popular sport movement made use of the infrastructure for sport which had been built before the Republic but fused this with a new, cross class, discourse of national identity. Youth groups and sports clubs served as schools of democracy and sites for performing and negotiating Catalan national identity. It shall be argued that popular sport bought together groups who had previously been ignored by, and ignored, Catalan politics politics and national identity up.

This dissertation argues that, through participating in popular sport and physical culture, more people came to see themselves as Catalan and felt stronger ties to the nation. Skip to main content. UC San Diego.

Love in Barcelona

Along with the outdoors lifestyle and buzzing nightlife, the changing makeup of the city’s residents is also working in your favour. Just as in the rest of Europe, people here are getting hitched later and starting to enjoy more single years than ever before the average age at which the Spanish marry rose from And, over the last few years, migration has brought about some key sociodemographic changes in the city. So, for those singles with one eye out for a lasting relationship, it should be easier than ever to find a mate in the city.

And yet, as singleton Rachel from the US says, “It’s slim pickings out there.

Both Spanish and Catalan date back to the Romans. Although Spanish culture and literature is well known, Catalan also has a fine cultural and literary tradition​.

But it is also spoken in the Roussillon region of France, in Andorra where it is the official language and in the city of Alghero in Sardinia, Italy. It counts with over 9 million of speakers. The earliest surviving written materials in Catalan date from the 12th century. The poetry flourished in the 13th century when it also began to appear in writing; scientific, philosophical, financial, religious, legal, literary and historical documents. After the Spanish Succession War and , Philip V abolished all the government institutions that existed in Catalonia and implemented Spanish laws throughout the country.

Catalan then went through various periods of prohibition and repression. Catalan was reborn as well as the language of literary culture thanks to the Floral Games Jocs Florals , a poetry contest. In the late 20th century, Catalonia achieved greater autonomy and Catalan was revived as the main language in Catalonia for politics, education and public life in general. It also achieved being a co-official language along with Spanish in Accessed August 17, Catalan language, alphabet and pronunciation.

Posner R, Sala M. Catalan language.

How NOT to Date – SPAIN (Valencia)

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